Facebook Faces New Restrictions on Personalized Ads in the EU

In a recent ruling, the European Union’s Court of Justice has limited Meta’s (formerly Facebook) ability to use personalized ads within the EU. The ruling states that Meta’s Facebook brand must obtain user consent before delivering personalized ads. This decision comes as part of the ongoing efforts by EU regulators to protect user privacy and ensure compliance with data protection regulations. In this blog post, we delve into the implications of this ruling, its potential impact on Meta, and what it means for EU users.

A Blow to Data Privacy Violators:

The court ruling reaffirms the EU’s commitment to safeguarding user data and personal privacy. By requiring Meta to seek user consent before showing personalized ads, the court explicitly acknowledges that processing a significant volume of personal data without consent cannot be justified. This decision reinforces the principle of freely given consent, as outlined in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

Meta’s Response and Ongoing Legal Challenges:

While Meta is still evaluating the court’s decision, it is important to note that it is already appealing a substantial €390 million fine imposed by the EU. The fine is based on the allegation that Meta violated GDPR regulations by making personalized ads a prerequisite for using its platforms, including Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp. This ongoing legal battle reflects the uneasy relationship between big tech companies and EU regulators when it comes to data privacy.

Implications for Meta and EU Users:

The court ruling potentially has a significant impact on Meta’s business model and revenue streams. Meta may have to request permission from users to display personalized ads on its platforms. This move may enhance privacy for EU users but could undermine Meta’s bottom line, as personalized ads contribute significantly to its advertising revenue. The decision aligns with previous instances where increased data privacy measures, such as Apple’s iOS 14 ad tracking restrictions, have led to revenue losses for companies such as Meta.

Broader Implications for Competition and Antitrust:

The court ruling also highlights a broader aspect concerning competition regulation. The court’s finding suggests that local competition regulators can consider compliance with data protection laws, like GDPR, as evidence of anti-competitive behavior. This reaffirms the EU’s commitment to fostering fair competition and ensuring that rule-breakers in one area may be seen as engaging in broader anti-competitive practices.

Future Interpretation and Enforcement:

While the court’s ruling sets a precedent, its practical implementation remains somewhat vague. It is uncertain how EU officials will interpret and enforce the requirement for user consent. Nevertheless, EU users can potentially expect greater control over their data privacy, and Meta will need to adapt its advertising practices to comply with the ruling.


The EU court ruling serves as another wake-up call for tech giants like Meta to prioritize user consent and data privacy. As the battle between regulators and tech companies continues, it is encouraging to see steps being taken to protect users’ personal information. The ruling reinforces the EU’s commitment to safeguarding digital rights and may prompt other regions to adopt similar measures. In the end, the decision will likely shape how Meta, and other platforms, navigate privacy concerns to strike the right balance between user experience and targeted advertising.

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